Sore Throat?
Causes, Symptoms, & When to contact a Doctor

Symptoms of sore throat: pain when swallowing, swollen glands, cough, fever, scratchy throat.

A sore throat, is an uncomfortable sensation in the throat, often accompanied by pain, difficulty swallowing, or speaking.

It is a common ailment that is associated with viral infections, especially those causing the common cold. The condition usually resolves on its own within 10 days, but certain factors can prolong the discomfort. The inflammation in the throat may present with redness, swollen glands, and occasionally, white spots or thick mucus.

While bacterial infections are less frequent, they can also contribute to sore throats. Additionally, environmental factors such as smoking and dry air, as well as certain health conditions like STIs, can play a role.

  • Viral Causes: Often caused by Common Cold viruses, mononucleosis, and occasionally, the coronavirus.
  • Bacterial Causes: In rare cases, bacterial infections may lead to a sore throat.
  • Environmental & Lifestyle Factors: Smoking, frequent throat clearing, shouting, and exposure to dry air.
  • Other Triggers: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and inflammation of the thyroid gland.

Still worried? Consult a GP!

Causes of sore throat: viral infections, bacterial infections, allergies, dry air, pollutants. and Remedies

To alleviate sore throat discomfort, stay hydrated by drinking cold water regularly, use soothing measures like sucking on candy or popsicles, opt for paracetamol for pain relief (avoiding NSAID-containing lozenges), and ensure sufficient rest while engaging in distracting activities.

Additionally, consider consuming warm teas with honey, gargling with salt water, and enjoying broth-based soups as effective measures to relieve sore throat discomfort.

  • Stay Hydrated: Drink cold water regularly to reduce pain.
  • Soothing Measures: Sucking on candy (lozenges), licorice, or popsicles can help alleviate discomfort.
  • Pain Relief: Paracetamol is recommended for pain relief, while NSAID-containing lozenges should be avoided.
  • Rest and Distraction: Ensure adequate rest, and engage in activities that distract from the pain.

Still worried? Consult a GP!

When to see a doctor for sore throat: severe pain, high fever, prolonged symptoms, difficulty swallowing.

Timely recognition of warning signs is crucial when dealing with a sore throat. Urgent symptoms demanding immediate medical attention include, severe distress, unusual breathing sounds, bluish discoloration, and difficulties in drinking or swallowing.

If you or your child has a chronic illness or is on medication, consult on of our MIA doctors for guidance in managing a sore throat.

  • Shortness of breath.
  • Breathing with unusual sounds (wheezing, screeching).
  • Bluish discoloration.
  • Excessive drooling.
  • Difficulty in opening the mouth.
  • Infants younger than 3 months developing a fever.

Still worried? Consult a GP!